This may include ovarian cysts, endometriosis, hydrosalpinges, endometrial polyps and fibroids. Uterine abnormalities such as polyps, fibroids or uterine septae are diagnosed and treated by means of a hysteroscopy. This is where a small camera is passed through the cervical canal and into the uterine cavity to visualise any abnormalities. Polyps are easy to remove and fibroids require resection. Adhesions can also be removed as can uterine septae.
Ovarian cysts, endometriosis and hydrosalpinges would require a laparoscopy for absolute diagnosis and for treatment. Laparoscopy involves a general anaesthetic and a small camera is passed usually through the belly button to visualise the pelvic cavity. The aim of the surgery is to see, diagnose and treat all at the same time.